Yes, here it is!  The first vocabulary lesson!  This lesson consists of very basic Spanish that you will often see or hear in everyday life.  Remember to watch those diphthongs!


Español (Ays-PAH-nyohl): Spanish

Íngles (EEN-glays): English

Hola (OH-lah): Hello

Bien (Beeayn): Good

Mal (Mahl): Bad

Un (OON): A/ An

Una (OON-ah): A/ An

El (AYL): The

La (LAH): The

No (Noh): No

Yo (EEOH): I

Tú (TOO): You

Libro (LEEB-roh): Book

Puerto (POOAYR-toh): Door

Amiga (Ah-MEE-gah): Female friend

Amigo (Ah-MEE-goh): Male friend

Hija (EE-hah): Daughter

Hijo (EE-hoh): Son

Hermana: Ayr-MAHN-ah): Sister

Hermano (Ayr-MAHN-oh): Brother

Madre (MAHD-ray): Mother

Padre (PAHD-ray): Father

Perra (PAY-rrah [rolled]): Female dog

Perro (PAY-rroh [rolled]): Male dog

Gata (GAH-tah): Female cat

Gato (GAH-toh): Male cat

Estar (ES-tahr): To be

Abrir (AHB-reer): To open

Tener (TAYN-ayr): To have


Uno (OO-noh): One

Dos (DOHS): Two

Tres (TRAYS): Three

Cuatro (KOOAHT-roh): Four

Cinco (SEEN-koh): Five

Seís (Say-EES): Six

Siete (SEEAY-tay): Seven

Ocho (OH-choh): Eight

Nueve (NOOAY-bay): Nine

Diez (DEEAYS): Ten


Obviously there are several words here that you may already know.  In that case, review them and then work on learning the ones you don’t know.  Make sure you are pronouncing them correctly!  The next lesson will begin basic conjugation.  There are three verbs in this vocabulary list: Estar, Abrir, and Tener.


You also may have noticed that some of the words have masculine or feminine connotations.  Although I did not mention it next to Un/ Una and El/La, these words are gender specific.  Everything has either a masculine, feminine, or neutral gender in Spanish.  I will go into detail on genders in one of the next few lessons.


Please practice writing and saying these words with their accent marks.  They will be heavily used in the conjugation lesson.